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If Congress Rejects Iran Deal

“Should U.S. Congress reject the Iran Deal?” is the topic which now most of Americans politicians and economists are discussing. You can see different headlines and thousands of press outlets who are trying to forecast the result of the negotiations and their domestic and international impact. 

After the July 14 deal between Iran, the P5+1 (the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council—China, France, Russia, United Kingdom, United States—plus Germany), and the Union, President Obama’s new challenge is to convince Congress to accept the deal .

President Barack Obama is continuing to call on members of Congress to support the Iran nuclear deal, stressing that the U.S. could still take military action or reinstate sanctions against Tehran if it violates terms of the agreement.

“Should Iran seek to dash toward a nuclear weapon, all of the options available to the United States, including the military option, will remain available through the life of the deal and beyond,” Obama wrote in an August 19 letter addressed to Representative Jerrold Nadler. A New York Democrat’s letter is also insisting that US is prepared to increase missile defense funding for Israel, which has strongly opposed the nuclear agreement between Iran and world powers.

There are basically three option for U.S considering Iran deal:

1.The congress will accept the deal:

Latimes thinks “This is not just an agreement struck between the United States and Iran. It is a deal negotiated over two years by the world powers. America led the way, but Russia, China, the conservative governments of Britain, France and Germany, and the entire European Union were equal partners. Everyone had to agree on every term or there would have been no deal”

A Delaware Voice Dr. Muqtedar Khan believes if the deal is ratified by the Congress, (1) Iran will get access to some of its frozen assets, which are in the range of 50-150 billion dollars. (2) Iran will be able to enter the global economy and will reap additional monetary benefits from the lifting of sanctions. (3) Iran will not be a pariah state anymore and will be more integrated into the global political system.

But it will also mean that (1) Iran’s nuclear ambitions will be deferred to the next decade. And it will have to give up much of the gains it has made so far, such as most of the enriched uranium stockpiles and thousands of centrifuges. (2) The United States and the international community will now have access to Iran’s nuclear facilities and will monitor them closely. (3) More engagement, tourism, travel, access to scholars will make Iran more transparent and more susceptible to external pressures and influences. (4) The U.S. will be able to work with Iran more closely against IS in Iraq and al-Qaida in Afghanistan. (5) In ten years the geopolitical scenario could change and our fears of Iran today may not be germane by then.

 2.The congress will reject the deal

Most Americans say Congress should reject the international deal brokered by the Obama administration over Iran’s nuclear program, according to a CNN/ORC International poll released Thursday

On 11th of august , Secretary of State John Kerry warned Tuesday the U.S. dollar’s status as the global currency could be threatened if Congress blocks the nuclear deal with Iran.

The nation’s chief diplomat doubled down on President Barack Obama’s comments last week that scuttling the deal would bolster the case against the dollar as the reserve currency, a sentiment “already bubbling out there,” Mr. Kerry said.

Mr. Kerry, speaking at a Reuters event in New York, said if Congress prevents the U.S. from implementing the deal it could put the U.S. at odds with European allies, China and Russia.

Those countries helped broker the agreement, and could resist or reject efforts by the U.S. to impose Iran-related sanctions, potentially threatening the U.S. dollar’s status as the global reserve currency, Mr. Kerry said,

Mostly the opponents of deal believe instead of rejecting the deal , they can have a “BETTER DEAL “ , which has more restrictions and more benefit for U.S.

3.The congress will reject the deal and Obama to veto

Noted by USNEWS, Obama needs 145 House members to sustain a veto, and so far none of the 151 Democrats who signed a letter endorsing the negotiations back in May has changed position. To make sure that doesn’t happen, current and former Democratic members of the House intelligence panel wrote to their colleagues on the House Democratic Caucus on Aug. 13 to reassure them that monitoring of Iran would “intensify” under the deal . No Republican senator supports the agreement. Two prominent Democratic senators, Charles Schumer and Robert Menendez, have denounced it. If all House Republicans voted to override the veto, they’d still need to convince 44 Democrats to join the effort to succeed. As of Monday, nine have officially said they would vote no, and 146 voting House Democrats out of the 188-member caucus signed a letter in May supporting the Iran negotiations before a deal was reached. None of those signatories has yet come out against the deal.

To sum up , For American corporations, the Iran nuclear deal starts with pistachios, caviar, carpets and airplanes — and could mean more. For American consumers, the deal could mean slightly lower oil prices, but not until next year, as limits on Iranian crude oil exports are lifted, but in other hand the insecurity of congress and opponents are also recalling all the bad sides of deal which can be dangerous for not only U.S but also for the world , what if it’s not safe ?!

By Shiva Parizad
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