World Experience for Georgia (WEG), in partnership with Ilia University, assesses Georgia’s energy security situation by MOSES methodology for the first time in Georgia.
Accordingly, various energy sources are rated in the safety rating from A (low risk, high resistance) E (high risk low resistance).
Analysis of the results and comparisons with other countries show that:
- Despite the huge transit flows of crude oil (1% of world oil supply) Georgia does not use oil to provide energy security, thus losing potential economic benefits. Consequently, MOSES classification for crude oil is not used.
- Reserves of oil products existing in the country and, therefore, the resistance to termination of the supply is low (D) as with the OECD countries, as well as the European Union standards. It is necessary to increase the reserves, which also require directives to be implemented by Georgia within the Energy Community.
- The highest risk is natural gas supply (E). It is necessary to reduce the risk of external risks – diversification of supply, as well as increase resistance with gas storage and reduction of consumption intensity; Gas consumption in the national product unit in Georgia exceeds 5-7 times the consumption of developed Western countries. This is due to the high share of consumption of consumers and the low energy efficiency of the economy;
- Due to unsustainable use, biomass (firewood) is not a source of energy supply – must be regulated illegal logging of wood and issue of alternative fuel; Intergovernmental coordination and elaboration of a united state program are required for this;
- Liquid biofuel production in the country is practically impossible. This issue requires more attention and support, including to meet the requirements of the Renewable Energy Directive;
- Hydro energy is relatively reliable source of energy. Georgia’s annual generation variability is low and does not contain significant risks, but requires a more detailed, seasonal assessment.
Methods of calculation of short-term energy security MOSES (Model of Short Term Energy Security) for International Energy Agency (IEA) was used for assessment. Developed by this method used for developed countries (OECD).
The results of the survey were discussed with sectoral specialists and other stakeholders. At the meeting it was said that the practical application of energy security in the country does not exist, which negatively impact on the strategic planning and decision-making in this field. The circumstances underlie a significant influence on the country’s short-term energy security and require more attention from the state. It is necessary to continue the energy security surveys and use their results in the field development strategy and real energy politics.