The country suffers a shortage of natural milk. The Georgian Business Zone founder Nino Zambakhidze states. She says that the reason is the cattle genetics and unproductivity. The international practice shows that the cattle gives 20 – 35 liters of milk a day while Georgian not more than 8-9 liters, the second reason, in her opinion, is a lack of an artificial insemination in the country.
Zambakhidze talks about Georgia‘s great potential in milk production, but notes that veterinarian education should be improved.
A dairy products company “Sante” also speaks about deficit of natural milk. They say that “Santino” all products are made of natural milk, however, its amount is not sufficient. For this reason, the company’s other products are made from the milk powder of the German origin.
A dairy farm founder, businessman Lasha Papashvili does not agree with statements about the shortage of natural milk in the country and says that the companies do not have the desire to deliver a natural milk. Papashvili explains this by the absence of the state’s regulations. According to him, it is necessary to control the field in order the users to know what they eat.
In Papashvili’s words, 80 kinds of milk made of low-quality milk powder are sold in the market today. The businessman estimates that in order to develop the market, it is necessary to introduce rules of the game similar to the European.
According to Agriculture Projects Management Agency (APMA), as of December 31, 2014, loans worth GEL 717 million were issued in the country under a preferential agro-credit program, including GEL 6.2 million for milk processing industry.